Shahira Fahmy

Shahira Fahmy's picture
Associate Professor - Updated July 2014

Telephone: 

520-621-7556

Fax: 

520-621-7557

Office: 

Marshall Room 328

Shahira Fahmy earned her Ph.D. in May 2003 from the Missouri School of Journalism at Columbia. Her research is situated in the general areas of international reporting and visual journalism. She is particularly interested in issues that intersect these domains in the context of wars and conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa. Two topics define her current work: First, much of her research for global reporting examines media performance of news professionals. She has conducted studies investigating the role of embedded journalists in reporting the Iraq War as well studies looking at perceptions of conflict reporting in terms of war versus peace journalism. Second, she is interested in the visual reporting process involved in providing news photographs and broadcast material at times of crisis. Her research in this area primarily examines visual framing and the gatekeeping process with an international focus.

Fahmy is the only faculty member at the School of Journalism that has collaborated and co-authored refereed research with Journalism MA students and communications MA and PhD students. She has chaired most of the research theses projects at the UA. Her recent co-authored work with an MA student in the school of journalism won two top paper awards (First place) at AEJMC 2012 and was published in The International Communication Gazette. The Sage scholalry journal has been around since 1955 and is considered one of the world's leading communication journals publishing refereed articles from the international community of communication scholars in our field.  

                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Education

  • - B.A., American University 
  • - M.A., American University 
  • - Ph.D., Missouri School of Journalism

Courses Taught/Developed at the UA

  • - J 205 Reporting the News  
  • - J 307 Principles of Multimedia  
  • - J/COM 402/502 Media & Terrorism 
  • - J/COM 460/560 Going Global:International Communication 
  • - J 471/571 International Media Systems 
  • - J 489/J589 Survey of Research Methods 
  • - J 496M/J596M Directions in News Technology 
  • - J 496I/J596I News Analysis 
  • - J 507 Reporting with Multimedia 

See course descriptions

Professional Organizations

  • - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC)
  • - International Communication Association (ICA)
  • - World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR)
  • - Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research (MAPOR)
  • - International Studies Association (ISA)
  • - National Press Photographers Association (NPPA)
  • - Broadcast Education Association (BEA)

Summary

Shahira Fahmy joined the UA in August 2008 as a tenured associate professor in the School of Journalism. She holds an adjunct/courtesy joint appointment with the Department of Communication and another one in the School of Middle Eastern & North African Studies (MENAS) and works closely with the Center for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES). She is also an affiliated member of the Institute of the Environment and the inter-disciplinary research UA faculty community associated with the National Institute for Civil Discourse (NICD)

Fahmy is the only international journalism faculty member that did not graduate from the University of Arizona. Before moving here she studied in Cairo and Rome.  She spent five years working in the news and broadcast industries in Europe and the Middle East including one year photographing a tribe in the Sinai desert before pursuing her doctoral studies at the first journalism school in the world - the Missouri School of Journalism in fall 2000. She has traveled to almost 40 countries and is fluent in more than four languages, skills that enabled Fahmy to conduct surveys with embedded reporters worldwide and to conduct surveys of audiences of Al-Jazeera in 67 countries. 

Native fluency in four languages combined with Middle Eastern, European and US citizenships, Fahmy is a world-renowned scholar with approximately 150 refereed books, journal articles, special issues and conference presentations on the national and international levels. Many of her publications and projects include students as coauthors and collaborators. Her work has appeared in journals such as Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, Mass Communication & Society, American Behavioral Scientist, Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, International Communication Gazette, Media, War & Conflict, and Visual Communication Quarterly.

She has been the associate editor for the highest ranking journal affiliated with the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC): Mass Communication & Society and has been a manuscript reviewer for more than 30 refereed publications. She also has served as an international guest editor, international keynote speaker and lectured on global reporting and visual journalism in Western European cities. Currently she is on the board of more than a dozen scholarly journals on the national and international levels. 

 
Awards & Honors (selected)

  • - Invited visiting lecturer on comparative research in global communication to Master`s and PhD students at Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU) in Kazakhstan, 2014.
  • - Invited visiting lecturer for Study of the U.S. Institute (SUSI) on Journalism and Media program with professors/scholars from 17 countries funded by the U.S. Department of State’s Study of the U.S. Branch in the Office of Academic Exchange Programs, Ohio University, July 2014.
  • - Invited speaker about international crises and conflict reporting. Universität der Bundeswehr in Munich, Germany, 2014. 
  • - Recommended by The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) and the Institute of International Education’s Council for International Exchange of Scholars (CIES) for the Fulbright Specialist Roster, 2014. 
  • - Selected by an external review committee and the Palestinian American Research Center (PARC) to participate in an inaugural Media Development Seminar in Jerusalem and the West Bank, 2014. 
  • - Invited keynote speaker: Visual Framing in Press Photography: Prominent Trends & Methodological Challenges. The international symposium Building the Frame(work): Discussing methodological challenges of applying content analysis in visual framing research. The Hans-Bredow-Institute for Media Research, The University of Hamburg, Germany, 2013. 
  • - Invited by the National Institute for Civil Discourse (NICD) to be part of the inter-disciplinary research UA faculty community associated with the NICD, 2013.
  • - Two Top Faculty Paper Awards: The Ecquid Novi African Journalism Studies Award for the Best Journalism Research Paper and Top Faculty Paper Award (First Place) for the Robert L. Stevenson Open Paper Competition of the International Communication Division at the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) annual convention in Chicago, IL, August 2012. Awards were for the paper: “High Drama on the High Seas:  Peace versus War Journalism Framing of the Mavi Marmara Incident.”
  • - “Shooting war or peace photographs? An examination of newswires’ coverage of the conflict in Gaza (2008-2009)”. This article published in The American Behavioral Scientist was featured under ‘Key Research Articles’ on the main site of Psychology Progress series in September 2012
  • - Invited to be associate editor for the Journal of Social Media Studies, Turkey, 2012.
  • - Nominated by leading faculty members for the 1885 Distinguished Scholars Award, U of Arizona, 2012. The nomination is for advancing major innovations in the candidate’s discipline and in the University and for the considerable recognition of the candidate’s area of study with international significance.
  • - Invited to be associate editor for the highest ranking journal affiliated with AEJMC: Mass Communication and Society, in 2008 & 2011 - Present.
  • - Invited to join a United Nations media project called Global Experts: UN Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC). The online resource of opinion leaders and experts provides quick reactions and accurate analysis to journalists worldwide on complex political, social and religious issues and crises, 2011 – Present.
  • - Invited to join more than 300 UA faculty and researchers as an affiliated member of the Institute of the Environment, 2011 – Present.
  • - Top Faculty Paper Award for the paper competition of the Religion and Media Interest Group at AEJMC in St. Louis, MO, August 2011. The award was for the paper “Second Level Agenda Setting Effect of News Coverage of Islam In American Newspapers.”
  • - Paper competitively selected for the first Visual Studies Division to be included in an initiative that incorporates a virtual overlay portion of the ICA conference in Boston, MA, May 2011. The selection was for the paper: “Symbols of nationalism or symbols of repression? The visual framing of the 2008 Olympic torch relay in U.S. and Chinese dailies.”
  • - Top Paper Award for the Robert L. Stevenson Paper Competition of the International Communication Division, AEJMC in Denver, CO, August 2010. The award was for the paper “Analyzing the spell of war: A war/peace framing analysis of the 2009 visual coverage of the Sri Lankan civil war in newswires.”
  • - Selected to teach methods for integrating multimedia skills into journalism curricula, (AEJMC) annual conference, Washington, D.C., 2007.
  • - Paper competively selected for a special research panel on Ethnic/Minority Media & American Society presented for the Mass Communication and Society and Minorities and Communication Divisions at the AEJMC annual conference. San Antonio, TX, August 2005.The selection was for the paper: “Show the truth and let Al-Jazeera audience decide: Support for use of graphic imagery among Al-Jazeera viewers.”  
  • - Recipient of the Indiana Teaching Fellowship, Indiana University at Bloomington, IN, 2004.
  • - Recipient of a Poynter Fellowship. The Poynter Institute, St. Petersburg, FL, 2004.
  • - Recipient of the Harlan H. Mendenhall Teaching Enhancement Award, Southern Illinois University, 2004.  

 

Summary 2011-2013

Teaching

  • - Final class projects in Survey of Research Methods won THREE top paper awards at the annual AEJMC 2012 convention.
  • - Several students in reporting the news 205 classes won the Mark Finley Golden Pen Newswriting contest, spring & fall 2013.
  • - Media & Terrorism students skype during class (2012-2013)  with top media professionalists, experts and scholars from all over the globe.
  • - Continues to mentor and co-author refereed publications and conference papers  with graduate students on the national and international levels (More than 40 refereed publications and conference papers co-authored with students in recent years). 
  • - Guest lectures regulalry in classes about current research and graduate student opportunities.
  • - Continues to chair most of the theses at the Journalism school.
  • - Co-chair of dissertations on the international level (Ph.D. students come from overseas to work with Fahmy at the UA on their projects)
  • - Invited by sorority, Gamma Phi Beta, to their biannual scholarship dinner, spring 2013.
  • - Invited by sorority, Pi Beta Phi, to the teacher scholarship dinner, fall 2013. 
  • - Invited to lecture in person on the national and international levels (i.e. International crises and conflict reporting at the University of the German Federal Armed Forces in Munich, Germany) or via skype (i.e. global communication at Boston University) in global communication classes, 2013 – present 

 

Service

  • - Associate editor for the highest ranking journal affiliated AEJMC: Mass Communication & Society, 2011 – Present.
  • - Appointed to the UA Faculty Senate’s committee on Faculty Membership, 2011 – 2013  &  2014 – 2016. 
  • - UA Graduate Grievance Council committee member, 2011 – Present.
  • - IRB school of Journalism representative, 2011 - present.
  • - Chair for refereed research session titled: Visual design, visual complexity and impact. Visual Studies Division at the ICA annual convention. Seattle, WA, May 2014.
  • - Discussant for plenary interactive paper/poster refereed research session. Communication Law and Policy Division at the ICA annual convention. Seattle, WA, May 2014.
  • - Chair for refereed research session titled: Visual design, visual complexity and impact. Visual Studies Division at the ICA annual convention. Seattle, WA, May 2014.
  • - External evaluator – Study of the U.S. Institute (SUSI) on Journalismm and Meida Program. The grant is funded by the U.S. Department of State’s Study of the U.S. Branch in the Office of Academic Exchange Programs, 2013.
  • - Discussant for refereed research session titled: Visual framing in (Press) Photographs. The Hans-Bredow-Institute for Media Research at the University of Hamburg, Germany, 2013.
  • - Editorial board member of more than a dozen scholarly journals on the national and international levels.
  • - Completed several P&T reviews on the national level (i.e. NYU), and the international level in different langauges (i.e. United Arab Emirates U).
  • - Curriculum Reviewer outside UA, 2012 – present.
  • - Evaluation of propoals for awards supporting  research, scholarship and creative activities outside UA, 2012 – present.
  • - Volunteered lecture on visuals of conflict among different cultures to retirees who take courses through the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, 2013.
  • - Chair and discussant for The Role of the Media in Shaping and Critiquing Middle Eastern Power Structures. Annual Southwest Graduate Conference in Middle Eastern and North African Studies. School of Middle Eastern & North African Studies. The University of Arizona Tucson, AZ, March 2012.
    Chair for research session titled: Reality: The complex and messy world of documentary production. Visual Communication Studies Division at the ICA annual convention. Phoenix, AZ, May 2012.
  • - Proposed and used personal funds to host Professor Wayne Wanta (chair of the Department of Journalism at the University of Florida) for the Department of Communication's Colloquium Series, “New Applications for an Old Theoretical Framework: The Evolution of Agenda-Setting Research,” February 2012.
  • - Discussant for research session titled: Framing People And Problems. The International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. St. Louis, MO, August 2011.
  • - Proposed to heads of the school of Journalism and the department of Communication to establish a dual graduate degree program for Journalism & Communication, spring 2011. 
     

Research: Refereed Publications 

  • - Fahmy, S., Bock, M.. & Wanta, W. (2014) Visual Communication Theory and Research: A Mass Communication Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. 
  • - Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (Forthcoming) Democratic norms and social learning: A study of influences on Iraqi journalists' attitudes toward information access. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly.
  • - Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S. & Elareshi, M. (Forthcoming). Young Bahrainis’ use of and perceptions of satellite TV news. Journal of Arab and Muslim Media Research.
  • - Bowe, B., Fahmy, S. & Matthes, J. (Forthcoming). Moving Beyond the Religion Next Door: Valence in News Framing of Islam. Newspaper Research Journal.
  • - Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (Forthcoming). Professional role perceptions among Iraqi Kurdish journalists from a state within a state. Journalism: Theory, Practice, and Criticism.
  • - Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S. & Elareshi, M. (Forthcoming). Arabic-language Newscasts in Four Non-Arab TV Channels: Form and content. Global Media Journal-Arabian Edition.
  • - Zhang, J. & Fahmy, S. (Forthcoming). Live tweeting at work: The use of social media in public diplomacy. In Guy Golan, Sung-Un Yang & Dennis Kinsey (Ed.), International Public Relations and Public Diplomacy: Communication and Engagement. Peter Lang Publishing.
  • - Fahmy, S. & Eakin, B. (2014). High Drama On The High Seas: Peace versus war journalism framing of an Israeli/Palestinian relateed incident. International Communication Gazette.Communication Gazette, 76 (1), 81-105.
  • - Huang, Y. & Fahmy, S. (2013). Picturing a Journey of Protest or a Journey of Harmony?  Comparing the Visual Framing of the 2008 Olympic Torch Relay in U.S. vs. Chinese Press. Media, War & Conflict, 6 (3), 191-206.
  • - Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M.  (2013, Fall/Spring). Did Al Jazeera's online coverage change over time? Comparing the reporting of the Iraq war in 2004 versus 2007. Global Media Journal-Arabian Edition, 2(1-2), 111-126.
  • - Ali, S. & Fahmy, S. (2013). Gatekeeping & citizen journalism: The use of social media during the recent uprisings in Iran, Egypt, and Libya. Media, War & Conflict. 6(1), 55-69. Doi: 10.1177/1750635212469906.
  • - Bowe, B. J., Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. (2013). Missing religion: The second level agenda setting effect of news coverage of Islam in American newspapers. International Communication Gazette, 75 (7), 636-652.
  • - Ali, S. & Fahmy, S. (2013). The icon of the Egyptian revolution: Using social media in the toppling of a Mideast government. In Ralph Berenger  (Ed.), Social media go to war—Civil unrest, rebellion and revolution in the age of twitter. (pp. 383-398). Washington: Marquette Books LLC.
  • - Fahmy, S., Mckinley, C.,  Filer, C. & Wright, P.  (2013) “Pulling the plug on grandma”: Obama’s health care pitch, media coverage & public opinion. Advances in Journalism and Communication, 1 (3), 19-25.
  • - Fahmy, S. (2007 & 2012). Filling out the frame: Transnational visual coverage and news practitioners' attitudes towards the reporting of war and terrorism.   Saarbrücken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
  • - Fahmy, S., Wanta, W. & Nisbet, E. (2012). Mediated public diplomacy:  Satellite TV news in the Arab World and perception effects. International Communication Gazette 74(8), 728-49. doi: 10.1177/17480485 11426988.
  • - Shin, J. H., Fahmy, S. & Lewis, R. A. (2012).  Katrina study shows human interest photos predominant.  Newspaper Research Journal, 33(1), 38–53. 
  • - Neumann, R. & Fahmy, S. (2012). Analyzing the spell of war: A war/peace framing analysis of the 2009 visual coverage of the Sri Lankan civil war in Western newswires. Mass Communication & Society, 15(2), 169-200.  doi: 10.1080/15205436.2011.583192.
  • - Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2012). Invasion vs. occupation: A trend analysis of how embeds assess influences and performance in covering the Iraq War. International Communication Gazette, 74(1), 23–42, doi: 10.1177/17480485 11426988.
  • - Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R. (2012). Shooting war or peace photographs? An examination of newswires’ coverage of the conflict in Gaza (2008-2009). The American Behavioral Scientist  56(2),1-26. doi: 10.1177/0002764211419355
  • - Huang, Y. & Fahmy, S. (2011). Same events, two stories: Comparing the photographic coverage of the 2008 Anti-China/Olympics demonstrations in Chinese and U.S. newspapers. International Communication Gazette 73(8), 732-752. doi: 10.1177/1748048511420091.
  • - McKinley, C. & Fahmy, S. (2011). Passing the ‘Breakfast Test’: Exploring the effects of varying degrees of graphicness of war photography. Visual Communication Quarterly 18(2), 70-83.
  • - Fahmy, S., Wanta, W., Johnson, T. & Zhang, J. (2011). The path to war: Exploring a second-level agenda building analysis examining the relationship among the media, the public and the president. International Communication Gazette 73(4), 322–342. doi: 10.1177/1748048511398598
  • - Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M. (2011). Al-Jazeera versus Al-Jazeera: A comparison of the network's English- and Arabic- online coverage of the U.S./Al Qaeda conflict. International Communication Gazette 73(3), 216-232. doi: 10.1177/1748048510393656
  • - Liu, X. & Fahmy, S. (2011). Exploring the spiral of silence in the virtual world: Individuals' willingness to express personal opinions in online versus offline settings. Journal of Media & Communication Studies 3(2), 45-57.
  • For PDF files of the above and more visit http://arizona.academia.edu/fahmy

 

  • Research: Refereed Conference presentations 
  • -  Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R. Internet wags the world: Understanding web-credibility in the context of citizen journalism, micro-blogs, and the Iranian Green Revolution. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. Montreal, Canada., August 2014.
  • - Ali, S. & Fahmy, S. Visualizing victims of disaster: A comparison of Associated Press images of Hurricane Katrina and Pakistan. Paper presented at the Broadcast Education Association. Las Vegas, NV, April 2014.
  • - Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S. & Elareshi, M. Young Bahrainis’ Use of and Perception of Satellite TV News Services. Paper presented at the Broadcast Education Association. Las Vegas, NV, April 2014.
  • - Neumann, R. & Fahmy, S. Developing a survey instrument of journalistic peace/war performance:Toward a reliable assessment of crisis-reporters’ attitudes. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. Washington, DC., August 2013.
  • - Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. Journalists' perceptions of professional ethics norms in post-Ba'athist Iraq. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. Washington, DC., August 2013.
    Fahmy, S. Mapping the visual coverage of death. Refereed panel – sponsored by the Visual Studies Division– presented at the ICA annual conference. London, UK, June 2013.
  • - Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. Democratic norms and social learning: A study of influences on Iraqi journalists' attitudes toward information access. Paper presented for the Political Communication Division at the ICA annual convention. London, UK, June 2013.
  • - Fahmy, S., Mckinley, C, Filer, C. & Wright, P.  “Pulling the plug on grandma”: Obama’s health care pitch, media coverage & public opinion. Paper presented for the Mass Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. Chicago, IL, August 2012. 
  • - Ali, S. & Fahmy, S. Gatekeeping & citizen journalism: The use of social media during the recent uprisings in Iran, Egypt, and Libya. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. Chicago, IL, August 2012.
  • - Eakin, B. & Fahmy, S. High drama on the high seas: Peace vs. war journalism framing of the Mavi Marmara incident. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. Chicago, IL, August 2012.
  • - Ali, S. & Fahmy, S.  The icon of the Egyptian revolution: Using social media in the toppling of a Mideast government. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Division at the AEJMC annual convention. Chicago, IL, August 2012.
  • - Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R. Telling the untold stories of crisis reporting: Journalistic perceptions toward peace versus war coverage. Paper presented for the Journalism Studies Division at the International Communication Association (ICA) annual convention. Phoenix, AZ, May 2012.
  • - Filer, C., Kenski, K., Fahmy, S. & Rains, S. Spreading news about the flu: H1N1 and Intermedia agenda setting in national and local newspapers. Paper presented for the Mass Communication Division at the International Communication Association (ICA) annual convention. Phoenix, AZ, May 2012.
  • - Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M.  Did they tone it down? Comparing the coverage of the Iraq War in Al-Jazeera English-language website in 2004 versus 2007. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research (MAPOR) annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2011.
  • - Zhang, J. & Fahmy, S. Live tweeting at work: The use of social media in public diplomacy. Paper presented for the Communication Technology (CTEC) Division at the AEJMC annual convention. St. Louis, MO, August 2011.
  • - Bowe, B. J., Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. The second level agenda setting effect of news coverage of Islam in American newspapers. Paper presented for the Religion and Media interest group at the AEJMC annual convention. St. Louis, MO, August 2011.
  • - Seate, A. S. & Fahmy, S. Level of expertise, webpage type and internet credibility: Understanding Internet journalism in the context of the Iran revolution. Paper presented for the Journalism Studies Division at the International Communication Association (ICA) annual convention. Boston, MA, May 2011.
  • - Huang, Y. & Fahmy, S. Symbols of nationalism or symbols of repression? The visual framing of the 2008 Olympic torch relay in U.S. and Chinese dailies. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Studies Division at the ICA annual convention. Boston, MA, May 2011.
  • - Fahmy, S. News media framing of Islam. Refereed panel – sponsored by the Mass Communication and Society Division – presented at the AEJMC annual conference. St. Louis, August 2011.
  • - Fahmy, S. Judging graphic images of war and terrorism by viewers of the English version of Al-Jazeera website. Refereed panel presented at the Broadcast Education Association. Las Vegas, NV, April 2011.